The Sensory Discrimination Disorder
Must use THREE sources from the following:
• Sensory disorders
o https://kines.rutgers.edu/dshw/disabilities/sensory/1061-sensory-disabilities (Links to an external site.)
o https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=%22Sensory+Disorders%22%5BMeSH+Terms%5D (Links to an external site.)
• Perceptual disorders
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh?Db=mesh&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Perceptual+Disorders%22%5BMeSH+Terms%5D (Links to an external site.)
• Motor/Movement disorders
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=%22Movement+Disorders%22%5BMeSH+Terms%5D (Links to an external site.)
• Comprehensive list of neurological disorders
https://web.archive.org/web/20020612104713/http://www.ninds.nih.gov/health_and_medical/disorders (Links to an external site.)
https://www.plusonefoundation.org/infographics (Links to an external site.)
• Google for “sensory disorder infographic”, “motor disorder infographic”, or related keywords to see various templates for communicating about motor disorder
Part of science is communication with general audiences. For this assignment, you will create, share, and discuss an educational infographic and supporting 1-2 page handout that educates the general public about a neurological or psychological SENSORY, PERCEPTUAL or MOTOR disorder of your choice. You must create a scientifically accurate yet publicly understandable infographic and accompanying handout suitable for a general audience.
• Step 1: Choose a sensory, perceptual, or motor/movement disorder of interest. Write a brief main post that:
- Introduces your topic.
- Explains your interest.
- Explains your goals for the infographic and handout.
• Step 2: Create the infographic and handout
o Use PowerPoint or an “infographic” software of your choice to design the infographic. The infographic needs to present both numeric and verbal information, highlighting compelling facts and statistics related to your topic including those which let the public know why they might care, what they should know, and how they can learn more and/or take action.
o Use MS Word to create the supporting handout (1-2 pages of mostly text, including APA formatted references).
o The 1-2 page typed handout supports the infographic by presenting ideas, explanations, and other information that does not fit or display well on the infographic. Decide what type of message you want to send about your disorder of choice and what outcomes you would like the document to promote.
• You will decide what information goes onto the infographic vs. the handout, but it is recommended that you use an image of the brain or nervous system to highlight the underlying neuroanatomy or neuronal function.
The Sensory Discrimination Disorder
The sensory discrimination disorder is a disorder that affects the senses of smell, taste, sight, and hearing. It is a neurological disorder caused by brain or spinal cord damage. It can be genetic or acquired after birth (Sabzalizadeh et al., 2020). The symptoms of this disorder vary depending on which sense is affected. The initial sign of SID is an inability to distinguish between certain smells. This causes confusion, anxiety, and depression in children with SID because they cannot distinguish between certain smells from food or toiletries (Shalev, Paz, and Avidan, 2018). They can not learn how to identify these smells and become frustrated when trying to do so. In addition to these physical symptoms, children with SID experience emotional problems such as frustration and anger when trying to identify smells. This can lead to aggression towards others unaware of their condition, which can cause serious health problems.
It is estimated that 1 out of 20 people are affected by sensory discrimination disorder. These individuals are confused by certain scents, tastes, and touches (Shalev, Paz, and Avidan, 2018). They may also be unable to tell the difference between similar-looking objects. The illness is not uncommon; however, it can be challenging to recognize and diagnose because symptoms vary from person to person. People with this disorder may find it difficult to distinguish between smells or tastes in specific situations, such as at a restaurant or movie theater. They may also have difficulty distinguishing between similar objects or people. Children with sensory discrimination disorder often have trouble learning new things and retaining information for long periods. They may have a problem following directions or carrying out tasks that require concentration on details (Mulligan et al., 2019). They may also find it challenging to decide what they want to do next, making it difficult for them to organize their time effectively.
In conclusion, the best way to prevent SDD is by educating people about it and warning them about the dangers of ignoring their senses. People with SDD are often unaware that they have a problem; when this happens, they do not receive treatment until it's too late. This can lead to permanent damage or even death for some people. The second way to prevent SDD is by identifying those at risk for developing it. This includes children and adults, although children tend toward milder forms of this disorder than adults. Once an individual has been identified as at risk, they should be given proper treatment as soon as possible so that any damage can be undone before it becomes severe enough to cause problems later in life. Finally, ensuring that all children receive proper education regarding their senses during childhood is also effective in managing the disorder.
Mulligan, S., Schoen, S., Miller, L., Valdez, A., Wiggins, A., Hartford, B., & Rixon, A. (2019). Initial studies of the validity of the sensory processing 3-dimensions scale. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 39(1), 94-106.
Sabzalizadeh, M., Afarinesh, M. R., Mafi, F., Mosanejad, E., Haghpanah, T., Golshan, F., ... & Sheibani, V. (2020). Alcohol and nicotine co-Administration during pregnancy and lactation periods alters sensory discrimination of adult NMRI mice offspring. Physiology & behavior, 213, 112731.
Shalev, L., Paz, R., & Avidan, G. (2018). Visual aversive learning compromises sensory discrimination. Journal of Neuroscience, 38(11), 2766-2779.
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