Expired Medicine Project

Posted on: 10th May 2023


Academic style is APA 7 and screenshot is the description of assignment.

The situation analysis - I decided to do project on expired medication use because I currently work at ophthalmology clinic. We have been dinged in the past by surveyors that work for the state due to expired meds being in rooms. I figured if I made a medication system it would decrease, ultimately eliminating expired medication use on patients. Our initial assignment for this class was to write down the implementation of this particular problem. I have uploaded this as well (capstone proposal) which should help with answering questions for assignment. If you have any questions, please let me know !

BSN 355 Capstone Project Proposal Plan 

What is the project ques0on (PICOT)? In other words what are you ul0mately trying to figure out?


P- In ophthalmology clinic pa0ents, I - what is the effect of a system developed to iden0fy expired medica0ons, O- decreasing expired medica0ons use, C - compared with no current system  T- within 2 month period ?

Who will benefit from your project?

Staff within the ophthalmology clinic, such as nurses, pa0ents, and administra0on.

Where are the people located that will benefit from your project?

The people that will benefit from the project are located in ophthalmology clinic.

What date do you plan on implemen0ng your project?

I will implement this project during BSN 485, next year spring of 2024.

How long will your project take 

The project will take two months

Budget requirements of your project (how much money will it take to implement your project)?

My budget will be less than $100, supplies will be paper, power point presenta0on and hand outs on system.

Why did you decided to do this project?

Expired medica0ons can be risky and harmful to pa0ents health. Proper disposal and preven0on can improve pa0ent care.

What do you hope to achieve by doing this project?

Improve medica0on quality control in ophthalmology clinic to prevent the use of mul0 dose boWles aXer the 28 day period .

What do you need to help you complete this project?

Access to medica0ons within each room that are opened and communica0on with nursing staff.

Will your project have long-term effects? If so, what are they? If none. Why not?

I believe it will have a long term effect on the clinic because nurses will adopt the task needed to prevent expired medica0on use. With the success of the project in ophthalmology, it may get adopted by other clinics in the medical facility.

Will the project be sustainable? If so, how will you sustain the project?

How will your project be evaluated?

I believe this project is sustainable because if the system works to prevent expired medica0on use, the ophthalmology clinic will con0nue using the system. 

The project will be sustained by randomly checking medica0ons in rooms and coordina0ng workshops twice a year to encourage compliance.

This project will be evaluated by randomly checking medica0ons in pa0ent rooms, verifying if they are labeled and are within the 28 day window of use.

Are there any risks associated with the project?

At this 0me I don’t know of any risk associated with this project.

Is there anything that may prevent your project from succeeding? If so, what?


Inability to gather the needed informa0on for the project and/or nursing staff non compliance.

image description Top level essay Service Our professional unemployed professors are waiting for your signal to offer you the best academic writing service you so deserve.
illustration of a woman populating a checklist.


Expired Medicine Project

The expiry date is the last day under which a medication’s efficiency and safety are by its producer. The expiration date is stated on the packaging of most drugs, including prescriptions, over-the-counter medicines, and nutritional supplements (Alnahas, 2020). My primary purpose in this project is to improve medication quality control in ophthalmology clinics, prevent the use of multidose after their expiry date, and improve patient care. The PICOT question is; would developing a medication (dispensing) system in a clinic lead to a decrease in expired medication (drugs) use on ophthalmology patients?


The first objective of this project is to Prevent medication-related damage or drug interactions on ophthalmology patients by 50% through proper disposal of expired medicine, conducted by the healthcare professionals after every 28 days for six months. The objective will help improve patient care and reduce medication wastage (Ebrahim, 2019). The second objective is to learn the behaviors of healthcare professionals’ disposal practices across the clinic, ensuring the expired medicine inboxes are labeled and taken to the industry for proper disposal. It is highly harmful to individuals who aren’t supposed to take certain drugs (Ebrahim, 2019). Children are especially vulnerable to having contact with incorrectly kept or disposed of medications.

 The third objective is to determine measures that pharmacists in ophthalmology clinics undertake to reduce medication waste by 50% through employing dose-dispensing systems and disseminating opened medication packages in 1 year. Manufacturers can help long-term pharmaceutical supply and use by increasing shelf life, selecting the most environmentally-friendly storage conditions, and changing packaging (Ebrahim, 2019). The fourth objective is to assess how some activities are utilized to reduce expired medication by modifying the dosage of prescription drugs and the length of treatment.


The first Strategy used to prevent drug interaction and medication-related damage is consulting a physician. Patients in the ophthalmology clinic will be required to consult the doctor about the medicine prescribed before taking them. The doctors will explain side effects and the foods the medication interacts with for proper patient care (Bekker et al., 2018). The other Strategy is to learn how and when to take medicine. It’s critical to understand whether one should take the prescription with or without food.

Strategies that will help learn the behaviors of professional disposal practices include returning the medicines to the manufacturer or the donor. Pharmaceuticals that are expired or rotted are considered a health hazard and sent to the donor for disposal. Another strategy is using sewer to dispose of expired medicine (Bekker et al., 2018). Some liquid medications, such as syrups and intravenous fluids, are diluted with water and drained into sewers in minimal amounts over time without causing significant global health or environmental impact. Checking medications when coming on shift daily before patient care is provided and having a check off system. Also ensuring coordination of workshops twice a year to encourage compliance. This should be done on daily basis.

Strategies used to determine the measures used to reduce medication waste include, Manufacturers should offer a broader range of package sizes and steer clear of huge packages. Authorities can compel manufacturers to provide a decent range of lengths by imposing a maximum waste percentage or mandating refunds for the unused or expired medication (Bekker et al., 2018). Another strategy is that prescribers could also use shared decision-making to customize pharmacotherapy. Patients’ unique preferences include the need and attitude toward pharmacological treatment and avoiding expired or undesirable medication (Bekker et al., 2018).


Expired medication is harmful to human bodies. Addressing the issue of expired medication use in our clinic will help reduce and eliminate expired medications on patients due to a change in chemical structure or a drop in potency (Hughey et al.,2019). Expired drugs are susceptible to bacterial growth, and sub-potent antibiotics fail to treat bacterial infections, resulting in more severe diseases and antibiotic resistance.

It’s critical to understand that ingesting an expired medication or one that has degraded due to poor storage might result in various issues (Hughey et al.,2019). Since it has a lesser strength than planned, deteriorated treatment does not provide the patient with the anticipated benefit. Dangerous compounds may also be released as a medicine expires, posing a risk of undesired side effects in patients.

All healthcare team members should educate patients on how to properly dispose of expired prescriptions to save lives and money. It’s simple to teach patients about the significance of taking their drugs, but healthcare practitioners occasionally overlook the importance of teaching patients how to properly dispose of expired medication (Nepal et al., 2020). The degradation of drugs is influenced by heat and moisture. Prescriptions and medicines should be kept in a cold, dry environment such as a kitchen cupboard, dresser drawers, wardrobe shelf, or storage box.


High pharmaceutical manufacturing, prescriptions, and consumption have resulted in many expired medications with various negative consequences, particularly for the environment. Additionally, using innovative stability tests to extend a drug’s expiration date will assist reduce the annual number of expired medications. Despite being preserved according to the manufacturer’s instructions, many medications frequently expire. It’s critical to dispose of these expired and unused medications properly.



Alnahas, F., Yeboah, P., Friedel, L., Abdin, A. Y., & Alhareth, K. (2020). Expired Medication: Societal, Regulatory and Ethical Aspects of a Wasted Opportunity. International journal of environmental research and public health17(3), 787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030787

Bekker, C. L., Gardarsdottir, H., Egberts, A., Bouvy, M. L., & van den Bemt, B. (2018). Pharmacists’ Activities to Reduce Medication Waste: An International Survey. Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)6(3), 94. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6030094

Ebrahim, A. J., Teni, F. S., & Yimenu, D. K. (2019). Unused and Expired Medications: Are They a Threat? A Facility-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of primary care & community health10, 2150132719847857. https://doi.org/10.1177/2150132719847857

Hughey, C. W., Lawson, D., Roberts, K., Santos, M., & Spinosa, S. (2019). Safe medication disposal. Home Healthcare Now37(2), 106-110. https://bit.ly/3hhbvRH

Nepal, S., Giri, A., Bhandari, R., Chand, S., Nepal, S., Aryal, S., ... & Shastry, C. S. (2020). Poor and unsatisfactory disposal of expired and unused pharmaceuticals: a global issue. Current Drug Safety15(3), 167-172. https://bit.ly/3si3sdB

Peter Seiyanoi

Peter Seiyanoi

0 reviews | 0 orders
  • Do you need help with an
    online class, essay or assignment?

  • Find the right expert among 500+

    We hire Gradewriters writers from different fields, thoroughly check their credentials, and put them through trials.

    View all writers

Tough Essay Due? Hire Tough Essay Writers!

We have subject matter experts ready 24/7 to tackle your specific tasks and deliver them ON TIME, ready to hand in. Our writers have advanced degrees, and they know exactly what’s required to get you the best possible grade.

View all writers

Find the right expert among 500+

We hire Gradewriters writers from different fields, thoroughly check their credentials, and put them through trials.

View all writers