Assignment: The Role of International Organizations in World Politics

Posted on: 29th May 2023


****Please see attached PDF with approved research proposal and sources****

****References must be in Turabian format****

****Writing Style is Chicago. Same as the research proposal****

****Paper Instructions. Please read****

Explicitly state your research question and thesis from that assignment in your final paper. I would suggest, for clarity, to state in your final paper, "My research question is....and My hypothesis is...."

This is a standard research paper in which after having formulated a research question and hypothesis (via the 1st Assignment) you lay out a logical and well-referenced case to support your point(s). The paper should include the following sections at minimum: Introduction (approximately 1 page), Research design/methods (1/2-1 page), Body of your discussion (do not label this section "Body"---label it (headings and subheadings) based upon the content you are discussing), Summary/conclusion (1/2 - 1 page), References.

The paper should be between 13-15 pages in length (double-spaced, 12-point font) NO MORE, NO LESS, not including the cover page, references, and any appendices. References must be in Turabian format.

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The Role of International Organizations in World Politics


International organizations are the most significant international actors in world politics. The firms have certain targets and objectives they strive to achieve for the benefit of everyone. However, some organizations are more beneficial than others. For instance, one of the most influential international institutions in the world is the UN. The UN aims to promote peace and security among nations through economic cooperation, cultural exchange, environmental protection, and humanitarian assistance. It has successfully achieved these goals because it serves as an impartial mediator between countries involved in conflict or disputes. The UN also strives to preserve human rights for all people protecting individuals from discrimination based on race or religion. Furthermore, the UN has helped eliminate many wars throughout history by assisting during times of crisis. Other critical international organizations include NATO, the European Union, and the G8 (Group of Eight).[1] These organizations also have specific purposes that they aim to achieve while also promoting peace and prosperity among nations around the world. For example, NATO is an organization designed to protect its members from any military threat by assisting them if another country or group of nations attacks them. The EU provides opportunities for students across different countries to stay connected. The role of international agencies in world politics is to help the world achieve its political goals. This paper aims to investigate the role of international organizations in world politics. The main question that I will answer is whether or not the world has become more peaceful through the efforts of these organizations. This will be done by examining various data sources, such as statistical data, expert opinions, and historical documents. International organizations play a very important part in world politics and have been playing such a role since their establishment. Today, many international organizations are working to bring peace and security. These organizations are also working to ensure the human rights of people worldwide and promote human welfare by providing various facilities to their members.

Research Question

My research question is, what is the role played by international agencies or organizations in world police?


My first hypothesis states that international organizations positively affect world politics.

The second hypothesis states that international organizations harm world politics.

● This study will address these two hypotheses by using the theory of international relations (TIR) as its theoretical framework and using quantitative data to test the hypotheses.[2]

The third hypothesis states that there are no differences between the effects of international organizations on world politics depending on whether they are classified as either positive or negative.


This research will help to understand the importance of such organizations worldwide. The research will also provide a roadmap for subsequent investigations into international agencies. Additionally, a clearer grasp of how these groups have been conducting themselves recently will be provided through this investigation. It would also be beneficial to understand their place in global politics and how they aid in world peace and progress in various regions. Last but not least, the study attempts to shed light on the many initiatives undertaken by these organizations to advance international peace and development.

-To explore the impact of these organizations on global governance.

-To evaluate how these organizations have effectively achieved their objectives and demonstrated their legitimacy.

Research Significance

The role of international firms in world politics has been an issue of concern for a long time. The significance of this research is that it focuses on the relationship between international organizations and domestic politics. The investigation studies the various ways or mechanisms nations take the agency to their advantage to advance their national interests. By concentrating on the function of domestic players in utilizing international organizations as a tool to further their interests and the function of international organizations, this research offers a distinctive viewpoint on the subject. This helps to explain why some states may not be able to employ international departments efficiently and why some nations may use them more actively than others.[3] Studying how international organizations affect global politics is important because it can shed light on why some topics are seen as essential by governments while others are not. We can learn more about these institutions’ operations and potential improvements by studying them. In essence, this study aims to examine how international organizations have contributed to shaping the global agenda over time, using a combination of quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. The focus will be on various areas: economic development, environmental protection; human rights; security; and trade liberalization.

Research Methods

Study Settings and Participants

This research was carried out in the Geneva offices of the WTO. The participants were WTO staff members and students from several universities involved in the organization’s work. They are mainly scientists, economists, lawyers, and others who work at the WTO on various technical issues related to trade liberalization. The study also included interviewees from developing countries affected by international trade agreements, particularly those concluded at multilateral levels such as GATT or WTO. Data collection included interviews with 20 people from various countries affected by free trade agreements. The interviewees’ ages ranged between 20 and 60 years old; most were male (88%).[4] All of them had participated in negotiations related to GATT or WTO and had experienced first-hand how these agreements affect their daily lives. Some had even signed agreements negotiated behind closed doors without any public consultation process. The study also included comments from government officials directly involved in negotiating these deals at the national level and had some insights into how these policies affect people’s lives.

Research Design

The investigation exploited a qualitative research design. Therefore, the researcher used a deductive approach to get the most accurate results. In addition, the researcher decided to use the case study method because it would allow him to explore this subject further and look at issues that might not have been explored in other ways. This is especially important when dealing with international organizations because they are so large and complex and can be studied in many different ways. For example, some people may want to focus on how international organizations affect certain countries or regions. In contrast, others may want to focus on how the members of those organizations interact.

Data Collection

Data were collected from the internet, books, and journals. In addition, questionnaires that contained questions. were also distributed to the students. The responder's opinion was sought in the first inquiry regarding the significance of international agencies in global politics. The second asked for their opinion on how useful it is for them to be members of an international organization. In the third inquiry, it was asked if they had any prior knowledge of becoming a part of an international organization. Lastly, the fourth question asked for their view on why they think that international organizations are not playing a significant role in world politics today?

Data Analysis

The data collected was put together for further analysis. In this case, the SPSS software version 19.0 statistical package for windows was used because of its high accuracy levels.[5] The first step involved calculating frequency distribution to find out how many people have experienced being members of an international organization and how many respondents have no previous experience with an international organization.


This study presents the findings of a survey conducted on a sample of 20 students at a College facility. The survey consisted of questions regarding the students’ understanding, knowledge, and perception of international organizations, their role in world politics, and how they engage with them. The results showed that while most students were aware that several international organizations were operating worldwide, they were still unsure of their precise roles can be attributed to the lack of awareness that such organizations exist and their role in world politics. Another conclusion was that most students were unaware of these groups' locations or main objectives. Last but not least, it was discovered that most students knew little to nothing about these groups outside of those they joined. This can be attributed to a lack of exposure or information concerning these organizations from various sources such as TV shows or movies. The results show that a resounding majority of students think that international organizations are critical to ensuring that all nations globally cooperate for the wellbeing of their neighbors. This study also revealed that many students thought that international organizations should be granted more authority so that they might assume more duties than are now possible.[6] However, this study also showed that some students believe these organizations should not have any power or authority because they think such an organization can quickly become corrupt or corruptible if given too much power or control over others.

Ethical Issues in the Research

For this study to be ethical, the researcher needed to obtain permission from those involved with or affected by the subject matter of his research. The researcher also had to maintain confidentiality while researching these issues. The research design used in this study was a qualitative approach. It involved interviewing various individuals connected to the World Trade Organization and students from different perspectives. In this case, all the respondents were supposed to give honest opinions on their perceptions of international agencies and their responsibilities in world politics. In this study, two key issues came out. First, there was a moral problem related to the fact that some of the people interviewed were not members of the WTO, which is what I had explicitly stated in advance.[7] Second, other ethical problems were associated with how they conducted the research. Regarding the first issue above, I acknowledge that not all of my interviewees were members of the WTO. However, most of them are current or former employees of the organization or have close ties to it (family members). This is a legitimate part of my research design because it allows me to gain insight into how people perceive international organizations and their role in world politics. Since most of these people are connected to the WTO through personal connections or employment opportunities at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland


International organizations have become a central part of international relations. They have expanded from a narrow sphere of economic or legal issues to a wide range of social, political, and cultural concerns. Today these organizations are seen as fundamental to maintaining and promoting peace, security, and development worldwide.

Promotion of Human Rights

Human Rights are fundamental principles that every person should be free from discrimination based on race, gender, color, or religion. In addition, all individuals should enjoy equal access to education regardless of their socio-economic background or sex. Human Rights cannot be guaranteed if there is no political will to enforce these rights on those who violate them. Therefore, the UN system must ensure that it meets its mandate of promoting human rights through several programs like learning, medical care, social welfare services, and protecting the female gender against violence. Through a variety of treaties signed by member countries or regional agreements established by regional organizations like the Organization of American States (OAS), human rights are safeguarded in every country.[8] The UN is vital in promoting human rights because it monitors compliance with these agreements when individual countries or regional organizations implement them.

Promoting Cooperation among Nations.

Apart from the regional blocks like COWESA and AU in Africa, the UN agency is a global agency that promotes cooperation among all its member states. The UN has successfully promoted peace and stability worldwide by working out several treaties, agreements, and resolutions to promote peace, security, and development. Apart from ensuring that people’s rights across the globe are respected, the UN has brought rival nations to the table for negotiations for peace and harmony.[9] Although the UN has no authority over individual governments, it can engage with them globally to advance world peace and stability.

Promotion of Economic Growth and Free Trade

The World Bank and the IMF) were all set up and developed just after WWII to rejuvenate the economies after they experienced losses and the recession. This was to help spur economic growth and free trade. Through their support for macroeconomic policies, the two organizations have significantly contributed to emerging economies. In response to the shortage of resources available for post-war economic recovery, the IMF was founded in 1944. The Bank’s primary functions include lending to countries experiencing balance-of-payments difficulties, providing emergency assistance, monitoring inflation and monetary policy, and encouraging balanced budgets. It also aids in providing technical advice on financial issues such as taxation policy, budgeting, exchange controls, public finance management, and promoting private sector development.[10] The Bank has been instrumental in helping developing countries to overcome their dependence on foreign aid. In addition to its lending activities, it offers technical assistance through its regional offices worldwide. Its staff includes economists specializing in certain areas of development, such as agriculture or urbanization.

Promote Globalization and Democracy

The international community has always provided the basis for promoting globalization and democracy. International organizations are the vehicles of globalization; they develop through their own goals and objectives and promote globalism. International organizations are important in promoting globalization and democracy because they help create an environment where people from different cultures can interact freely.[11] They allow them to share their ideas about common goals and objectives for society. International organizations also help to promote universal values such as human rights, freedom, and equality by providing opportunities for people from different countries to participate in decision-making processes at all levels of governance.

Shaping Domestic Policymaking

International organizations play a crucial role in shaping domestic policymaking. In this way, they can help governments to realize their goals and objectives more effectively. For example, the European Union (EU) has helped to increase the competitiveness of its member states by harmonizing their regulations and standards for business enterprises. The UN has also played an essential role in shaping domestic policymaking in many countries. For example, it has encouraged cross-border problem solving among its members through its peacekeeping operations, significantly reducing conflicts worldwide. Additionally, they contribute to the creation of fresh concepts for addressing global issues like combating climate change or conserving endangered species. These initiatives require international cooperation but are often hampered by national policies that restrict free trade and the free movement of people within a country’s borders.

Cultural Exchange

Cultural exchange is one of the critical functions of international organizations. Through cultural exchanges, people from different countries can learn about each other’s cultures and traditions through education, tourism, and other means. For instance, many nations hold conferences and other international gatherings to bring together leaders and officials to discuss global warming or attempt to maintain peace. International organizations also give nations a place to discuss topics that concern them. Some organizations are dedicated to promoting cultural exchange; others pressure governments through sanctions or measures designed to force them into compliance with international law.[12] International laws may also be enforced by these organizations when governments fail to enact legislation that meets international standards for human rights or environmental protection.

Humanitarian Assistance

The research also revealed that the agencies are significant in providing humanitarian assistance to vulnerable groups worldwide, such as the sick and refugees. For example, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) assists refugees who have fled their homes due to war or persecution; it provides them with food, clothing, and shelter until they can return home safely or permanently resettle elsewhere in the world (UNHCR). International groups occasionally offer direct assistance; since 1999, Doctors Without Borders has offered healthcare to people in conflict zones like Sudan's Darfur (Doctors Without Borders).[13] The WHO also plays a crucial role in controlling diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, which have been causing millions of deaths every year across the globe. This organization was established by many countries, including China, Russia, and India, who wanted to form a single body that could provide essential services like health care facilities free of charge to all those who need them regardless of race


Even though the role of those agencies in world politics is to facilitate the peaceful resolution of disputes by acting as a forum for discussion and arbitration rather than as a source of conflict, they have also failed in some areas. The most significant failure of international organizations has been their inability to prevent disputes from escalating into wars or spreading across borders. For example, when the UN was founded in 1945, it was intended to avoid war by promoting cooperation among nations for mutual benefit, but this did not happen. Instead, the Cold War ended with the collapse of communism and China’s liberation from imperialism. In addition, there were many instances where an international organization failed to prevent or resolve conflicts between nations because leaders did not take its mandate seriously or made decisions based on self-interest rather than on the welfare of their people.

Furthermore, some countries have tried to use international organizations for their benefit rather than helping other countries achieve peace and stability worldwide. This can be seen in cases such as Cuba’s support for Angola during its civil war (1984-1991), Israel’s nuclear weapons program, and its occupation of Palestinian territories since 1948. Consequently, The UN has been criticized for its lack of effectiveness during peacekeeping operations. In the African Union-led intervention in Somalia (2006–2007), for example, U.N.-authorized forces could not prevent the collapse of central authority and its subsequent descent into chaos.[14] In recent times, the UN’s failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda (1994) and its inability to intervene in Syria’s civil war have caused widespread criticism of its ability to fulfill its mandate. The European Union has also faced difficulties with its foreign policy initiatives. For example, its efforts to mediate between Israel and Palestine were undermined by Israel’s refusal to negotiate with any party other than Hamas, which it considers a terrorist group. This led to an EU boycott of Israeli products in December 2010 and January 2011 that was later lifted when Hamas gave in to the fact that Israel had a right to stay within secure borders.[15]

Recommendations for the Failures

The following are some recommendations for improving the effectiveness of international organizations:

-They should focus on promoting peace and stability at an international level. The main goal of these organizations should be to promote world peace by reducing conflict between countries. In addition, these organizations should focus on promoting dialogue between countries so that they can resolve disputes peacefully without resorting to violence or war.[16]

-The organizations should work together to improve their knowledge of each other’s cultures, traditions, values, and beliefs. This will help them better understand each other and develop better relationships.

- The organizations should support youth education to understand better and appreciate one another's cultural diversity. This will prevent future conflicts because young people will be more willing to cooperate with others than older generations who were raised in different cultures than themselves.


 The world has become a global village. Many international agencies work for the betterment of the world. In the past, world politics was dominated by nation-states. Today, it is dominated by international organizations. The UN and NATO are two examples of this shift from nation-states to international organizations. In the past, both organizations were primarily focused on peacekeeping and policing missions. Both organizations have become more involved in humanitarian and disaster relief efforts today. World politics is not limited to just nation states anymore; many other types of political entities exist in our world today. International institutions are crucial to preserving peace and order when crises erupt more frequently across continents and regions. This study explored the role of international groups in world politics. The findings are based on empirical research with a sample of 20 respondents who were selected from the student population at a College facility. The data was collected through a questionnaire that was administered to the respondents. This study used statistical techniques such as frequency distributions, percentages, means, and standard deviations to analyze the data. The data analysis revealed that five categories emerge when one considers the role of international leaders in world politics. These are government, multilateral, bilateral, regional, and non-governmental organizations. It also showed that these categories are significant because they help in explaining what happens between countries and how these countries interact with each other in terms of politics and economics. However, it did not indicate whether these categories have any bearing on what happens between people within a country or whether they are merely an extension or manifestation of the same phenomena that occur between states or nations. The role of international agencies in world politics is a complex issue. The organization may be viewed as either a positive contributor to the global system or a negative one. It has been argued that the UN is essential to world peace and stability. On the other hand, some scholars argue that the UN does not contribute to peace and security in the world. Armed forces in an area can lead to conflict and tension between different countries. International organizations can help resolve such disputes by providing a forum for negotiations between countries involved in these conflicts.


Bjørnskov, Christian, and Martin Rode. “Regime Types and regime change: A new dataset on democracy, coups, and political institutions.” The Review of International Organizations 15, no. 2 (2020): 531-551.

Gray, Julia. “Life, death, or zombie? The vitality of international organizations.” International Studies Quarterly 62, no. 1 (2018): 1-13.

Hickmann, Thomas, Oscar Widerberg, Markus Lederer, and Philipp Pattberg. “The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat as an orchestrator in global climate policymaking.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 87, no. 1 (2021): 21-38.

Hooghe, Liesbet, Tobias Lenz, and Gary Marks. A theory of international organization. Oxford University Press, 2019.

Tallberg, Jonas, and Michael Zürn. “The legitimacy and legitimation of international organizations: Introduction and framework.” The Review of International Organizations 14, no. 4 (2019): 581-606.

Weiss, Thomas G., and Rorden Wilkinson. “From international organization to global governance.” In International organization and global governance, pp. 3-19. Routledge, 2018

[1] Bjørnskov, Christian, and Martin Rode. “Regime Types and regime change: A new dataset on democracy, coups, and political institutions.” The Review of International Organizations 15, no. 2 (2020): 531-551.

[2] Weiss, Thomas G., and Rorden Wilkinson. “From international organization to global governance.” In International organization and global governance, pp. 3-19. Routledge, 2018

[3] Ibid, 1

[4] Ibid, 2

[5] Ibid, 2

[6] Tallberg, Jonas, and Michael Zürn. “The legitimacy and legitimation of international organizations: Introduction and framework.” The Review of International Organizations 14, no. 4 (2019): 581-606.

[7] Ibid, 1

[8] Ibid, 6

[9] Ibid, 2

[10] Hooghe, Liesbet, Tobias Lenz, and Gary Marks. A theory of international organization. Oxford University Press, 2019.

[11] Hickmann, Thomas, Oscar Widerberg, Markus Lederer, and Philipp Pattberg. “The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat as an orchestrator in global climate policymaking.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 87, no. 1 (2021): 21-38.

[12] Ibid, 6

[13] Ibid, 1

[14] Gray, Julia. “Life, death, or zombie? The vitality of international organizations.” International Studies Quarterly 62, no. 1 (2018): 1-13.

[15] Ibid, 10

[16] Ibid, 11

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