Leadership

Posted on: 26th May 2023

Question

Write a report on Leadership in sports and business meetings and different leadership traits. This report should explore leadership practices in various contexts, such as social, political, and business leadership communication. The primary emphasis of the report should be a comparison of cultural similarities and differences among the two to three countries or two to three areas within the U.S. Comparisons of such factors as economic and legal systems, the structure of government, or other demographic details should be kept to a minimum. The main emphasis of the report should be a comparison of the behavior of leaders and followers within the two to three countries or regions—i.e. North America/South America, west coast/east coast, north/south, etc. You should analyze communication styles, leadership styles and cultural differences. Must include a reference page as well at the end.

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Solution

Leadership

Leadership is crucial because it influences how individuals and teams behave and perform in corporate and athletic settings. Moreover, it is a crucial management function that aids in allocating resources within institutions of government and organizations for increased effectiveness and goal attainment. Leadership is essential in the organization based on various contexts such as business, politics, and government. In order to inspire people and communicate effectively in each of these scenarios, a leader must also be able to recognize and appreciate cultural variations that may affect how they approach a situation and behave (Ogliastri et al., 2016). Moreover, leadership is crucial to communication in sports, business, and politics since it helps establish a clear vision and objectives that team members must meet. For instance, as it aids in establishing the tone, guides decision-making, and ensures the success of sports organizations at all levels, leadership is one of the most crucial parts of sports administration. This paper will look at leadership behaviors in several contexts, such as corporate, political, and social leadership communication, to better comprehend them. Also, it contrasts the cultural parallels and differences between two to three U.S. countries. These will be centered on analyzing leadership style, behavior, and communication styles in various situations.

Leadership in Sports, Social, Political, and Business Communication  

Leadership techniques are crucial because they mold the performance and behaviors of people and teams in sports, politics, social environments, and business. Leadership is essential in social contexts, especially now since the world is uncertain. Social leaders offer protection and guidance to their teams. Also, they might establish rapport and trust, which are crucial in today’s environment. Social leaders can assist their teams in thriving in a dynamic setting. In a social situation, leaders are essential for bringing people together, motivating them, and fostering positive change. Neighborhood associations, nonprofit organizations, and advocacy groups are just a few settings where social leaders may be found (Duggan, 2017). They are responsible for addressing social issues, inspiring others to work together for a similar purpose, and positively contributing to society. More importantly, in this context, leadership is full of empathy and active listening because they need to understand the needs, ideas, and concerns of those they lead. It is also evident that leaders value diversity and inclusion in a societal context, which has aided nations like the United States to see a notable increase in democracy. Therefore, a combination of skills, dispositions, and behaviors that consider the specific dynamics and complexity of the social environment in which the leader performs are necessary for effective social leadership.

In sports, leadership is essential because it helps achieve success on the field. The designated sports leaders include captains or coaches who set the tone for teams’ performance and foster a culture of motivation and collaboration among team members. It is clear that sports leadership is characterized by strong focus, decisiveness, and assertiveness in achieving goals and objectives.

 Also, in politics, leadership practices are specifically focused mainly on contextualizing and analyzing the phenomenon. Usually, until the leader fails to be accountable to the party or the people due to the leader becoming too cognizant of the position held, political leadership is regarded as desirable and a regular aspect of the political process (Ofosu-Anim, 2022). Clearly, leadership practices in a political context involve leading and governing states, communities, and countries. This indicates that political leaders are important in leadership because they make decisions that affect people’s lives and the course of action that nations must follow to attain their objectives. Strong communication abilities are necessary for political leadership to express a vision, create agreement, and win support for projects and policies (Duggan, 2017). To accomplish their objectives, political leaders must also be able to negotiate intricate political environments, interact with a variety of stakeholders, and control tensions. Generally, in a political context, the leader must demonstrate ethical leadership by upholding accountability, moral principles, and integrity to the public. It implies that decision-makers must follow the law and act in the public’s interest.

In the business world, various significant leadership practices are necessary. Business leadership is necessary for any organization’s success, guiding the company toward its goals and managing it effectively. In this context, leaders must be responsible for setting strategic directions, guiding employees, and making significant decisions that lead to success. In addition, self-motivation is essential for a successful business leader because it fosters initiative, which entails the capacity to perform tasks without seeking instruction or support. As a business leader, it requires less supervision as that increases competence and expertise in your job. Generally, communication is the most crucial factor in leadership practices in all three contexts. This is because leaders in all contexts must communicate effectively to inspire and motivate others, build relationships, articulate vision, and navigate challenges. Good leadership communication abilities allow leaders to connect with their audience, clearly express their views, and persuade people to work towards a common objective. Furthermore, it supports leaders in fostering strong connections with stakeholders, including the community, constituency, workers, and consumers. Therefore, effective leadership communication depends on building agreements, settling conflicts, and attaining successful social, political, and professional achievements.

Comparison of Cultural Similarities and Differences of Leadership among Countries Within the U.S.

The important cultural customs that impact North and South America’s sports leadership are shared by both regions. Clearly, sports leadership culture in North America, especially the U.S., is characterized by directive and authoritative leadership. This indicates that the coaches have significant leadership responsibilities and are given the authority to direct players without much feedback from other team members. In North America, coaches are taken as the ultimate authority as they are given the mandate to be in charge of the performance and overall success of the team. Their primary communication method is straightforward and focused, with clear instructions (Lamm et al., 2016). Conversely, South American sports leadership could be more relational and team-oriented. With their frequent close interactions with players, team captains, and coaches may be involved in decision-making processes more cooperatively (Ogliastri et al., 2016). Team members may communicate more flexibly, emphasizing the development of connections and trust. While maintaining respect for authority may be paired with a more inclusive and participative leadership style.

Also, there are obvious cultural similarities and variations in leadership because of the wide variety of histories, cultures, and situations between North and South America. As a result of European colonization, for example, both leaders’ leadership philosophies were molded by Western culture. Western culture’s influence gave both regions political leadership that strongly emphasized goal-setting and competitiveness. The leaders in both regions were expected to be result oriented, assertive, and proactive to enhance growth (Egri & Herman, 2015). It is clear that leaders in the region were expected to be proactive, result-oriented, and assertive. More importantly, the regions experience political stability when it comes to leadership. Also, the leaders in both regions have a mix of authoritarian and democratic forms of government. The political culture of the two regions subscribes to the need for equality, diversity, and unity among people in the society (Ferguson, 2017). In addition, the leaders in both regions are visionary and are mainly focused on setting a clear vision for the country to achieve its goals. Despite the region having diversified political leadership, it has made significant progress in ensuring that the countries’ leadership embraces inclusivity. Leaders in every region deal with diversity and manage it while considering the challenges of inclusion and multiculturalism in their leadership philosophies (Ferguson, 2017). In North America, nations like the U.S. and Canada often have more individualistic and competitive leadership centered on individual objectives and achievements. As a result, the area has variances in political ideology and leadership. Nevertheless, this is different in South America because, in countries like Agenting and Brazil, political leadership is more focused on charismatic and populist leadership styles, emphasizing collective identity and social welfare.

In addition, the region also has some common similarities in social leadership. From the analysis of the two regions, it is important to note that North and South America encompasses diverse countries with varying cultures. Although despite that, the two regions have cultural similarities regarding social leadership. For instance, both regions have emphasized democratic principles. The emphasis on democratic ideals in social leadership is widespread in North and South American nations, with elected officials, the separation of powers, and the rule of law as essential pillars of governance. Also, the fact that both regions have people from different cultures and the presence of indigenous people have shaped the social leadership of the region. The influence of indigenous culture has made countries like the United States and Brazil prioritize community decision-making and communal leaving, which has promoted the effective growth of the two regions regarding politics and social and economic stability (Lende, 2021). This is because the social leadership offered in both keeps value on individualism and personal autonomy. Despite similarities in the social leadership of North and South America, some cultural values and norms differ. For example, South American cultures may place greater significance on communal values, familial bonds, and social links than North American cultures on individuality, self-reliance, and achievement (Egri & Herman, 2015). Also, North America is mostly dominated mainly by French and English speaking, indicating that the region is not culturally diversified, while the South region, like Brazil, is more linguistically diverse because it has some indigenous languages prevalent (Mills, 2018). This language variation can affect leadership philosophies and communication techniques. In addition, the two regions have inequality regarding power distance as South America has higher power distance, where hierarchical structures and authority are more respected compared to the North, where power distance is nearer to the people due to the egalitarian revolution.

 It is also clear that due to the difference in the economic system and cultural norms, North and South America have different leadership approaches in business. From the economic view of the two countries, it is clear that both of them value individualism in business leadership. This implies that leaders are mandated in both countries to make decisions independently and assertively. Also, in both regions, leaders ensure that their organization achieves specific goals and outcomes because performance and results are highly valued. The cultural similarities in business leadership in both region needs that leaders have strong work ethic with a focus on tenacity, hard effort, and devotion. Business leadership in both regions is more focused on enhancing innovation, competition, and efficiency with the aim of results and performance. However, there are differences in the power gap or the degree to which hierarchies are acknowledged and respected (Lende, 2021). While North American nations may have a lesser power gap with a greater emphasis on cooperation and teamwork, other South American nations may have a larger power distance where leaders are considered to have more authority and make decisions without much feedback from their team members. Generally, the two regions have a significant culture in business leadership because both have put more effort into innovation as the key aspect that boosts the region’s business growth in the current competitive market. More importantly, cultural variations significantly influence leadership styles and actions in both business and sporting situations (Dias & Borges, 2017). In North America, leaders are expected to be forceful, decisive, and results-driven, whereas a more autonomous and task-oriented leadership style is frequently preferred. With a concentration on accomplishing objectives and results, communication is frequently straightforward and explicit.

Leaders’ Behaviors and Followers in North and South America

The leadership behaviors of leaders and followers in North and South America vary. For instance, in both countries, leadership is an essential aspect seen as a significant factor in driving the region’s sport, politics, and organizational success and achieving business objectives. First, the political leaders in North America often exhibited participatory and democratic leadership styles. In most instances, the leaders in the region have shown behavior encouraging collaboration, inclusivity, and open communication. This aspect was meant to promote the public, and political followers in the region, to voice indecision-makings. On the other hand, political leadership styles can vary widely throughout South America, depending on the various nations and regions. For example, certain countries may have a history of heavy-handed or autocratic leadership when the head of state exercises considerable authority and makes decisions without much input from the people under them. In addition, North America also focused on innovation, results, and efficiency as part of its business leadership. The business leaders of the region were anticipated to be ambitious and strategic, prompting many organizations in North America to implement transformational leadership techniques as a way to invigorate and energize their employees, empowering them with the capacity necessary for success. It is important to remember that these observations are generalizations and that leadership practices can vary significantly across North and South America depending on the specific nations, regions, industries, and other contextual factors. Furthermore, leadership styles can change over time due to various variables, including globalization, technical breakthroughs, and evolving social standards.

Conclusion

To conclude, leadership in North and South America clearly has some significant similarities despite differences in their leadership styles. Having looked at political, social, and business communication leadership in the two regions, it is evident that North America tends to value direct communication, individual accountability, and assertiveness, while South American countries like Brazil and Argentina prioritize inclusiveness, indirect communication, and relationship building. It is also clear from the analysis of the two regions that adapting and understanding cultural differences in leadership and communication patterns are essential for effective leadership in a diverse society like the United States. To enhance team performance and accomplish corporate goals, leaders must be aware of cultural differences and modify their leadership style accordingly. In addition, from the analysis of the regions’ sports and business leadership behavior, it is clear that innovation and diversity are key leadership behaviors that leaders have been using to ensure economic growth and political stability in both North and South America. 

References

Dias, M. A. M. J., & Borges, R. S. G. E. (2017). Performance and leadership style: when do leaders and followers disagree? RAM. Revista de Administração Mackenzie, 18, 104-129.

Duggan, T. (2017, November 21). What are differences & similarities between American Leadership Styles & Global Leadership Styles? Small Business - Chron.com. Retrieved April 19, 2023, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/differences-similarities-between-american-leadership-styles-global-leadership-styles-55037.html

Egri, C. P., & Herman, S. (2015). Leadership in the North American environmental sector: Values, leadership styles, and contexts of environmental leaders and their organizations. Academy of Management journal, 43(4), 571-604.

Ferguson, G. (2017, November 21). The relationship of leadership to the politics of the organization. Small Business - Chron.com. Retrieved April 19, 2023, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/relationship-leadership-politics-organization-34221.html

Lamm, A. J., Lamm, K. W., Rodriguez, M. T., & Owens, C. T. (2016). Examining Leadership Style Influence on Engagement in a National Change Process: Implications for Leadership Education. Journal of Leadership Education, 15(4).

Lende, P. van der. (2021). Cultural differences between North and South America. Retrieved April 19, 2023, from https://culturematters.com/cultural-differences-between-north-and-south-america/

Mills, D. Q. (2018). Asian and American leadership styles: How are they unique. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, 27, 1-6.

Ofosu-Anim, D. (2022). Political Leadership: A New Conceptual Framework. Open Journal of Leadership, 11(4), 398-421.

Ogliastri, E., McMillen, C., Altschul, C., Arias, M. E., Bustamante, C., Davila, C., ... & Martinez, S. (2016). Culture and organizational leadership in 10 Latin American countries: the globe study. Acad Rev Latinoam Adm, 22, 29-57.

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